IgG assay kit / plasma / serum / ELISA
81264 - 81264/12 Diesse Diagnostica Senese

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Characteristics

  • Tested parameter:

    IgG

  • Sample type:

    plasma, serum

  • Analysis mode:

    ELISA

Description

Poliomyelitis is a severe infection of the Central Nervous System, which primarily affects the spinal cord neurons and can lead to paralysis and death.The infection is caused by three types of Poliovirus (1, 2 and 3), belonging to the Enterovirus genus.The infection can occur by fecal-oral route, by ingesting contaminated water or food, or saliva and droplets emitted by sick people during coughing and sneezing.In more than 90% of the infections, the patient does not suffer any symptoms; in the remaining cases, the symptoms are fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and sore throat; very rarely the paralysis is seen.There exists no treatment of the disease, only symptomatic therapy, which can partially reduce the effects of the infection, and prevention measures through vaccination.In many Asiatic countries poliomyelitis is still endemic, but WHO has started ambitious projects to eradicate the disease.The diagnosis of poliomyelitis can be performed by isolation and detection of the virus or by determination of antibodies in the blood using neutralization tests and, more recently, ELISA technique.The detection, in the tested sample, of IgG class antibodies against the three types of Poliovirus can be due to a previous infection or to immunization by vaccination.