●Leukocytes: The detection of white blood cells in the urine suggests a possible UTI.
Expected result : Negative
●Nitrite: Screening for possible asymptomatic infections caused by nitrate-reducing bacteria – Suggesting a possible UTI. Note: These two parameters (Leukocytes and Nitrite) are commonly used to screen for possible Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)Expected result : Negative
●Urobilinogen: the presence of excreted urobilinogen suggests a possible deterioration of liver functions. Urobilinogen is the breakdown product of bilirubin Expected result: less than 17 µmol/l (< 1mg/dl)
●Protein: This test is usually run to screen for kidney disease. Protein in the urine is called Proteinuria.Expected result: Negative
●pH: Measures the acidity in your urine which may be a sign of kidney stones. Your pH varies during the day going from more acid in the am to more alkaline in the pm.Expected result : Low
●Blood: Blood in the urine is called hematuria. A number of things can cause hematuria including UTI, Kidney infection, medication, menstruation, strenuous exerciseExpected result: Negative
●Specific Gravity: Evaluates the body’s water balance (hydration) and urine concentration and helps evaluate kidney functions and possible kidney diseasesExpected Results: low at 1,000 but normal ranges from 1.020 to 1.030
●Ketone: The control of urinary ketone is useful in managing and monitoring type 1diabetes.
Expected Results: Negative