coagulation electrode / blade / argon plasma
Argon coagulation uses the phenomenon of good conduction of high frequency current by ionized argon. Argon is a chemically inert gas, devoid of physiological effects and non combustible. Under the effect of current, it becomes ionized and forms a plasma cloud in which electric arcs are formed.
In argon coagulation, there is no contact of the active electrode with the tissue, and the distance between the surgical instrument and the tissue in open surgery is up to about 5 mm, and in endoscopic surgery up to about 3 mm.
The thermal effect occurs at the time when a spark jumps from the active electrode tip to the tissue. The length of the plasma arc between the probe tip and the tissue depends on the selected power, resistance of the target tissue and argon flow rate. Usually the distance between the active electrode and the tissue is 3 to 5 mm, depending on the selected coagulation parameters.
When using argon coagulation, observe all precautions for standard monopolar coagulation. Read the instructions for using argon components. Class 4.8 (99.998%) or 5.0 (99.999%) argon is used for argon coagulation.