Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter
Category: VTS - Vascular Therapy System
PICC (Peripherally Inserted Central Catheters): PICC are medium/long term venous systems, projected for both continuous and discontinuous use, both intra-and extra-hospital, for a period of time that goes from 7 days to 12 months, made with high the superior vena cava and the right atrium. Biocompatibility materials, with a calibre that generally is between 3 and 6 French (Fr), which can be inserted in adult patient – through the cannulation of a peripheral vein in the upper limb.
PICC is a central catheter: namely, its needle point must be positioned near the junction between
The PICC allows all typical uses of “classic” central ve- nous catheters (CVC) and can be used for:
The infusion of hypertonic solutions (osmolarity above 800 mOsm/liter);
Administration of basic (pH> 9), acids (pH 4;
For repeated samples for Fr> 4 ;
For palliative care;
What are the advantages of a PICC than a traditional CVC?
The PICC allows the same type of infusion therapies of a short-term CVC inserted by direct puncture of the inter- nal jugular, or subclavian, or femoral vein, but in addi-tion it has the following advantages:
It avoids the risks of complications that are typical of central venous puncture (emo-pneumothorax, etc);
Lower risk of septic complications;
Lower risk of thrombosis;